Paris Agreement 1973

On January 15, 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of offensive actions against North Vietnam. On January 23, Kissinger and Tha met again and signed a contract essentially identical to that of three months earlier. The agreement was signed by the heads of the official delegations on 27 January 1973 at the Majestic Hotel in Paris. The Paris peace accords effectively distanced the United States from the Vietnam conflict. However, the provisions of the agreement were regularly flouted by both the North Vietnamese government and the South Vietnamese government, which did not elicit a reaction from the United States and eventually led the Communists to expand the territory they controlled until the end of 1973. North Vietnamese forces gradually built their military infrastructure in the areas they controlled and, two years later, were able to launch a successful offensive that ended the status of an independent country in South Vietnam. Fighting began almost immediately after the signing of the agreement, due to a series of reciprocal reprisals, and the war resumed in March 1973. [3] … January 1973 and signed in Paris. These include an immediate ceasefire, the withdrawal of all US military personnel, the release of all prisoners of war and an international peace force. For their work on this agreement, Kissinger and Tho were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973…

As promised, the men were released into teams, those considered to be the last group to leave Vietnam on March 29, 1973. However, on the same day, Viet Cong announced that Army Captain Robert White, who has not been brought to justice since his disappearance in November 1969, was still in captivity. Years later, White said, “You forgot me” until his captors reminded him of the superiors. A few days later, he was released and was the last known surviving American prisoner of war of the Vietnam War. On January 27, 1973, a ceasefire came into effect in Vietnam and the last American soldiers left on March 29. When peace talks resumed on 8 January 1973 in Paris, an agreement was quickly reached. The peace agreement was formally signed on 27 January 1973. It was similar to what had already been agreed in October of the previous year. Later, Kissinger justified the agreement by saying, “We thought that those who opposed the war in Vietnam would be satisfied with our withdrawal, and those who favor an honourable end would be satisfied if the United States did not destroy its ally.” Nixon had secretly promised that he would use air power to support the South Vietnamese government if necessary.

At his confirmation hearings in June 1973, The Minister of Defense, James Schlesinger, was severely criticized by some senators, After saying that he would recommend the resumption of American bombing in northern Vietnam if North Vietnam were to launch a large-scale offensive against South Vietnam, but by August 15, 1973, 95% of american troops and their allies had left Vietnam (north and south) as well as Cambodia and Laos under change of the church. The amendment, passed by the U.S. Congress in June 1973, prohibited other U.S. military activities in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia unless the president secured congressional approval in advance. During this period, however, Nixon was removed from office because of the Watergate scandal that led to his resignation in 1974. When the North Vietnamese launched their last offensive in early 1975, the U.S. Congress refused to provide additional military support to South Vietnam because it led strong American resistance to the war and the loss of American equipment in the North through the withdrawal of troops from the South. He then resigned, accusing the United States of treason in a televised and radio address: a tentative ceasefire agreement was reached in October 1972. The agreement called for the simultaneous withdrawal of American troops and the freedom of American prisoners of war, followed by a political solution for the future of South Vietnam. Washington would expand economic aid after the war to help Vietnam rebuild its destroyed infrastructure.