Goods submitted to customs are covered by a summary declaration filed after the goods are presented to the law. EU hormone rules prohibit the entry into the EU of most beef and beef products in the US and prohibit the importation of certain live animals. The United States has successfully challenged the EU`s hormone ban at the World Trade Organization, but the EU has not yet opened its market to hormone-free beef. Instead, the European Community has opened a quota for the importation of hormone-free American beef. However, given that the quota is so low and the EC only allows 1/12 of the monthly participation quota, US exporters have not been able to take advantage of this very limited entry into the European market. Spain has been a member of the EU since 1986. The EU has free trade agreements with other trade associations (for example. B the European Free Trade Association or EFTA) and countries that offer better access to reciprocal markets. The EU-Japan trade agreement will make it easier and cheaper for them to do so. U.S. companies complain about very few barriers to trade.
However, biotechnographic maize still cannot be sold in Spain. Agricultural biotechnology companies could lose the sale of biotech seeds if the government accepts a proposed co-existence decree that imposes a distance of 220 meters between biotech, organic and conventional crops. Meanwhile, the debate on the co-existence decree continues. The first draft was published in 2004 and, with each consecutive year of success, the “case” becomes increasingly difficult for a government-imposed decree unless it is imposed politically by an internal government decision/agreement or by a clear requirement imposed by the EC. On 17 December 2008, the Commission adopted and published the first measure to implement energy consumption on standby. The measure covered by the 2005/23/EC Energy Products Directive covers a wide range of home and office equipment such as television and computers. Manufacturers need to reduce the energy consumption of their product in standby mode in two steps to a particular watt level. By 2020, the Commission expects a 73% reduction in energy as a result of the measure. Spain is part of the EU`s harmonised trading system and imports and exports fall under the EU customs and tax union. For organic products, EU law requires that organic food imported from third countries be manufactured to the same standards as those from the EU or the EU. You will find more information in the organic trade. Due to the EU`s vigorous promotion of its regulatory and standardisation system and generous funding for its commercial development, the EU standards system is broad and deep and extends well beyond the EU`s political borders and includes member organisations (countries that wish to become full members in the future) such as Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia and Turkey.
Another category, called “partner standards bodies,” includes standards bodies from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Serbia and Montenegro, Russia, Tunisia, Ukraine and Australia, which are unlikely to join the EU or the NEB soon, but which have an interest in participating in certain CEN technical committees. They pay a fee for full participation in certain technical committees and agree to implement the standards adopted by the Committee as national standards.